Despite its conceptual simplicity, this system becomes irreducibly complex with increasing of particle density, because it forms fractaly nested density fluctuations composed of density fluctuations. Such behavior can be both simulated by computers, both modeled by dense gas condensation (supercritical fluid at the right picture) and the resulting complexity is limited just by computational power. Which means, AWT principle enables to model systems of arbitrary complexity just by recursive application of trivial mechanism. If nothing else, we should consider this model because of its simplicity and the fact, nobody did propose it for modeling of observable reality, yet.
The main reason for reintroduction of Aether theory back into mainstream physics is better and more consistent and universal understanding of fundamental connections of reality. Most of these motivations weren't never presented by mainstream physics and they're forming the theorems, i.e. testable predictions of AWT at the same moment, because they can be derived from ab-initio simulation of nested density fluctuations of Boltzmann particle gas. This list bellow will be extended by new ideas occasionally.
- Explanation of energy spreading by light
The spreading of inertial energy requires inertial environment. We cannot use the energy concept for light waves spreading, while ignoring mass concept, the mass-energy equivalence in particular.
- Explanation of wave character of light.
Only system of mutually colliding particles can spread energy in waves, vacuum shouldn't be any exception.
- Explanation of finite frequency of light.
Only system of nonzero mass density can spread waves of finite frequency, as follows from wave equation.
- Explanation of high light energy density/frequency achievable.
Classical models of luminiferous Aether were based on sparse gas model of Aether, which cannot spread the waves of energy density corresponding to gamma or cosmic radiation frequency.
- Explanation of light speed invariance.
Light speed invariance is consequence of Aether concept and the fact, the light speed is the fastest energy spreading observable (if wee neglect the gravity waves, which are too faint to be observable), so we can use only light for observation of reality, the light speed/spreading in particular.
- Explanation of absence of reference frame for light spreading in vacuum.
If we use the light for observation of light spreading in luminiferous Aether, it's motion/reference frame can be never locally observed just by using of light waves, because no object can serve as a subject and as a mean of observation at the same moment.
- Explanation/prediction of transversal character of light waves.
In particle environment, only transversal waves can remain independent to environment reference frame by the same way, like motion of capillary waves at water surface.
- Explanation/prediction of foamy structure of vacuum.
Only foam structure composed of "strings" and "(mem)branes" can spread energy in transversal waves through bulk particle environments (string and brane theories) and/or provide the properties of elastic fluid, composed of "spin loops" vortices (LQG theory).
- Explanation/prediction of two vector character of transversal light waves.
Only nested foam structure can promote the light spreading in two mutually perpendicular vectors of electrical and magnetic intensity (1, 2). The formation of nested density fluctuations can be observed experimentally during condensation of supercritical fluid (1).
- Explanation/prediction of uncertainty principle.
The transversal character of surface waves is always violated on behalf of underwater waves. Inside of inhomogeneous particle system the energy is always spreading in both transversal, both longitudinal waves, thus violating the predictability/determinism of energy spreading and introducing an indeterminism into phenomena, mediated/observed by using it.
- Explanation/prediction of particle/wave duality.
Every isolated energy wave (a soliton) increases the Aether foam density temporarily by the same way, like the soap foam gets dense during shaking due the spontaneous symmetry breaking. As the result, every soliton spreads like less or more pronounced gradient/blob of Aether density and it bounces from internal walls of surface gradient of such blob like standing wave packet, i.e. particle (1).
- Explanation/prediction of virtual particles.
The concept of virtual particles, which appear and dissapear temporarily in vacuum is typical behavior of density fluctuations inside of every gas or fluid and physics knows no other way, in which such behavior can be realized.
- Explanation/definition of time dimension and space-time concept.
"..People have often tried to figure out ways of getting these new concepts. Some people work on the idea of the axiomatic formulation of the present quantum mechanics. I don't think that will help at all. If you imagine people having worked on the axiomatic formulation of the Bohr orbit theory, they would never have been led to Heisenberg's quantum mechanics. They would never have thought of non-commutative multiplication as one of their axioms which could be challenged. In the same way, any future development must involve changing something which people have never challenged up to the present, and which will not be shown up by an axiomatic formulation..."
Paul A.M. Dirac, in Development of the Physicist's conception of Nature, In The Physicists conception of Nature ed.Jaghdish Metra, D. Reidel, 1973., pp 1-14.